The early Catholic influence on movements for European integration can be seen in the flag of today’s European Union; the design of a circle of stars on a field of blue was derived from the halo of twelve stars crowning the Virgin Mary in Catholic (Paneuropean Union –PEU) iconography. Arsène Heitz, the designer of the flag adopted in 1955, said that “the flag of Europe is the flag of Our Lady”. The symbol surrounded by stars is the seal of Charlemagne (as used by the Académie Européenne des Sciences Politiques (AESP).
ROGUE AGENTS. Habsburg, Pinay and the Private Cold War 1951–1991 (ISBN 978-1-873976-01-2), David Teacher. First published in 1993. This fully revised eBook (Kindle) edition (3rd edition) published 2013 by ChristieBooks. PO Box 35, Hastings, East Sussex, TN341ZS.
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The Cercle Pinay was founded in the early 1950s as an elite clandestine forum to promote the vision of a Catholic and conservative Europe and to oppose the threat of Communism. Shrouded in secrecy, the Cercle brought together statesmen such as Antoine Pinay, Konrad Adenauer, Franz-Josef Strauss, Giulio Andreotti, Otto von Habsburg, Henry Kissinger and David Rockefeller, as well as top figures from the U.S. and European intelligence services.
Following the rise of student counter-culture in the 1960s, the Cercle focused on domestic subversion, using its network of propagandists and intelligence operatives to smear progressive politicians such as Willi Brandt, François Mitterrand, Harold Wilson and Jimmy Carter and to promote their favoured candidates: Ronald Reagan, Margaret Thatcher, Giscard d’Estaing and Franz-Josef Strauss. Throughout the 1970s, the Cercle also worked to defend apartheid South Africa and Franco’s Spain. After the electoral victory of the Right in 1979-1980, the Cercle targeted peace campaigners and the new Soviet regime under Mikhail Gorbachev, playing a key part in the fall of the Iron Curtain and then ensuring the integration of Eastern Europe into the European Union.
In a groundbreaking twenty-five year investigation, the author lifts the veil of secrecy to reveal the unseen rôle played by the Cercle and its allies in shaping the Western world as we know it today.