JOAQUÍN ASCASO. Memorias (1936-1938). HACIA UN NUEVO ARAGÓN, Introducción, edición y notas de Alejandro R. Díez Torre eBook £1.50/€2.00 (see eBookshelf)

 Anarchism in Aragón  Comments Off on JOAQUÍN ASCASO. Memorias (1936-1938). HACIA UN NUEVO ARAGÓN, Introducción, edición y notas de Alejandro R. Díez Torre eBook £1.50/€2.00 (see eBookshelf)
Aug 142016
 

AscasocoversmallerJOAQUÍN ASCASO. Memorias (1936-1938). HACIA UN NUEVO ARAGÓN, Introducción, edición y notas de Alejandro R. Díez Torre. eBook £1.50/€2.00 (see eBookshelf)  Also available from Kobo

Joaquín Ascaso Budría (Zaragoza, aprox. 1906 ó 1907 – Caracas, marzo de 1977), anarcosindicalista español, presidente del Consejo Regional de Defensa de Aragón entre 1936 y 1937. De profesión obrero albañil, en su juventud se afilió a la Confederación Nacional del Trabajo, participando en la agrupación anarquista “Los Indomables” y colaborando con otra llamada “Los Solidarios”. Fue detenido en Zaragoza por sus actividades sindicales en 1924 y la ficha policial le daba una edad de 17 años, tras lo que huyó a Francia hasta el advenimiento de la Segunda República Española, viéndose muy influenciado por la Sublevación de Jaca.

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THE COUNCIL OF ARAGÓN (from Building Utopia by Stuart Christie)

 Anarchism in Aragón, Spanish Revolution/Civil War  Comments Off on THE COUNCIL OF ARAGÓN (from Building Utopia by Stuart Christie)
Aug 142016
 

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To protect the hard won land of the rural communities and the new society the people of liberated Aragón were building, the regional committee of the CNT, acting in concert with Durruti and his column, organised by an assembly of militia, village, and trade union representatives from Rioja and Navarre which was held in Bujaraloz on 6 October 1936. Francisco Muñoz, the regional secretary of the Aragónese CNT outlined proposals for the formation of a special regional committee which would ensure that the Aragonese region was ready and able ‘to organise itself in this revolutionary hour and re-establish its personality among the other Iberian peoples, in preparation for the great federation of the future.

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The framing of Joaquín Ascaso, the break-up of the Defence Council of Aragón and the destruction of the Aragón collectives

 anarchism, Anarchism in Aragón  Comments Off on The framing of Joaquín Ascaso, the break-up of the Defence Council of Aragón and the destruction of the Aragón collectives
Aug 142016
 

AscasocoversmallerThe following account of the treacherous dealings that led to the framing of Joaquín Ascaso. the tragic break-up of the Defence Council of Aragón and the destruction of the Aragón collectives — by August 1937 the sole surviving beacon of anarchist integrity — is from ¡Pistoleros! 3:1920-24 – The Chronicles of Farquhar McHarg. The extract highlights the infamous moral, political, and military compromises made in the rearguard by the CNT’s so-called ‘notables, particularly general secretary Mariano Rodríguez Vázquez “Marianet”, and ‘anarchist’ ministers García Oliver, Federica Montseny and her partner, Germinal Esgleas.

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SPANISH DIARY A Swiss ‘miliciano’s’ war diary of the Aragon Front and Barcelona’s ‘May Days’ by Edi Gmür. Translated by Paul Sharkey (Kindle and Kobo editions)

 Anarchism in Aragón, Spanish Revolution/Civil War  Comments Off on SPANISH DIARY A Swiss ‘miliciano’s’ war diary of the Aragon Front and Barcelona’s ‘May Days’ by Edi Gmür. Translated by Paul Sharkey (Kindle and Kobo editions)
Aug 032015
 

War DiarySPANISH DIARY A Swiss ‘miliciano’s’ war diary of the Aragon Front and Barcelona’s ‘May Days’ by EDI GMÜR (with commentary by Marianne Enckell of the Centre International de Recherches sur l’Anarchisme, CIRA. Translated from the French by Paul Sharkey). eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)  Also available from Kobo    Check out other Christiebooks titles HERE 

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Barcelona, July 1937: Waldemar Krafft, Zita Gmür-Schulz, Edi Gmür

fernandIn December 1936 Swiss greengrocer and communist sympathizer Edi Gmür and three friends left Zurich for Spain in a rented car. In Barcelona they joined the “German centurie” of the Deutsche Anarcho -Syndikalisten Gruppe (Die Gruppe DAS) of the International Group of the Durruti Column, thereby escaping incorporation into the Comintern-controlled International Brigades. Gmür was one of 800 Swiss volunteers who fought in Spain in the libertarian militia columns or the International Brigades. This is his war diary of the period from December 1936 until the sabotaged Spanish Revolution finally collapsed in August 1937.

COLLECTIVES IN THE SPANISH REVOLUTION by Gaston Leval. eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)

 Anarchism in Aragón, Anarchism in Spain, Spanish Revolution/Civil War, Trade union activism  Comments Off on COLLECTIVES IN THE SPANISH REVOLUTION by Gaston Leval. eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)
Apr 262015
 

CollectivesSpRevbCOLLECTIVES IN THE SPANISH REVOLUTION by Gaston Leval. Translated by Vernon RichardsLook Inside

eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)  Also available from Kobo    Check out other Christiebooks titles HERE 

This is not yet another book about the Civil War, and its author is not yet another academic jumping on the Spanish band wagon. The book is about what Burnett Bolloten in the opening paragraph of his remarkable book (‘The Spanish Civil War. Revolution and Counterrevolution’) calls “a far reaching social revolution more profound in some respects than the Bolshevik revolution in its early stages”.

This book can only deal with a few of the collectives that were established in Spain during the struggle against Franco, for, as the author points out, there were 400 agricultural collectives in Aragon, 900 in the Levante and 300 in Castile. In addition, the whole of industry in Catalonia, and 70 per cent in the Levante was collectivised.

In a world where relations in industry between management and worker, and in the public services between workers and government, become daily more strained, not simply over money but over the growing demand by more and more workers to be responsible for and in control of the organisation of the work they do, surely the Spanish experiment of 1936 is of more than academic interest. Such experiments are never exactly repeated, not even in a Spain which has been freed from the military dictatorship. They don’t have to be. Their importance for us now is in showing what ordinary people, land- and industrial workers, technicians, and professionals of goodwill, can do when the State machine collapses even for a brief moment and the people are left to their own devices. The result is not chaos but cooperation, the discovery that for most of us life is richer and happier when we practise mutual aid than when we engage in the power and status struggle which invariably leads to permanent bitterness for the many and a doubtful “happiness” for the few.

COLLECTIVE DREAMS/ SUEÑOS COLECTIVOS

and LIVING UTOPIA / VIVIR LA UTOPIA

LOS MAÑOS: ANATOMY OF AN ACTION GROUP by Freddy Gómez with Mariano Aguayo Morán and a 1992 interview with Aguayo Morán by Antonio Téllez. (Translated by Paul Sharkey). eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)

 Anarchism in Aragón, Anarchism in Spain, Anarchist activism, News, Resistance movements  Comments Off on LOS MAÑOS: ANATOMY OF AN ACTION GROUP by Freddy Gómez with Mariano Aguayo Morán and a 1992 interview with Aguayo Morán by Antonio Téllez. (Translated by Paul Sharkey). eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)
Dec 142013
 

Los Manoscover2LOS MAÑOS: ANATOMY OF AN ACTION GROUP by Freddy Gómez with Mariano Aguayo Morán — interviewed in September 1976 and translated by Paul Sharkey. Appendix: Mariano Aguayo Morán — interviewed on 18 February 1992 by Antonio Téllez about the formation of the Los Maños group; also translated by Paul Sharkey. ISBN 978-1-873976-67-8. Published in 2013 by ChristieBooks — eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)  Also available from Kobo    Check out other Christiebooks titles HERE 

In 1945 Mariano Aguayo Morán (1922 -1994) who had been active in a small group of anarchists and socialists, took up the armed struggle against Franco. Imprisoned for a few months in 1948, he moved to Barcelona in February 1949 and joined the Los Maños anarchist action group (maño being a slang term for natives of Aragon) led by Wenceslao Giménez Orive “Wences” and “Jimeno”, Simón Gracia Fleringan, Plácido Ortiz, Salgado, D. G. M., “Rodolfo”, César Saborit Carrelero and the traitor Aniceto Pardillo Manzanero. On March 2 1949, in Barcelona, Wences, José López Penedo, Carlos Vidal Pasanau together with Francisco and José Sabaté Llopart, ambushed what they believed to be the car of Eduardo Quintela, head of the Francoist secret police (Brigada Politico Social – BPS) in Catalonia; they killed, instead, the secretary of the Falangist Youth Front, Manuel Piñol and his driver. Subsequently the group carried out a string of armed robberies in Madrid, Malaga, Seville and in France in order to fund an attempt on the life of Franco as he drove to his residence at the royal palace on Mount Pardo. A few months later they made a second, equally unsuccessful, attempt to blow up Franco’s convoy as it made its way up the steep winding road at La Cuesta de la Muela between Zaragoza and Madrid. Following their return to Barcelona on 2 January 1950 the group was betrayed by a disaffected member, Aniceto Pardillo Manzanero (The Kid), and most were arrested on 9 January, shortly after Wences took poison and killed himself when he was shot and wounded in a police trap. Simón Gracia Fleringan was executed in Barcelona by firing squad on December 24 1950 together with  Victoriano Muñoz Tresserras and Plácido Ortiz Gratal. Their bodies were thrown into a common, unmarked, grave. Mariano Aguayo was fortunate to have been in Paris when the group was betrayed in Barcelona.

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Mariano Aguayo Morán

This interview with Mariano Aguayo Morán, in September 1976, provided an opportunity to get to grips with the history of the libertarian anti-Franco resistance in the crucial years after the war (1946-1950), the Second World War having inspired high but ultimately disappointed hopes at a time when, after the Nazi and Italian fascist regimes had been defeated, the Franco regime looked likely to be next in line to fall. The ‘Los Maños’ group, which grew out of the close friendship between two young men from the working class El Arrabal district of Zaragoza, was soon wedded to the cause of anarchist activism and drawn into the nebulous libertarian resistance of which Quico Sabaté (1915-1960) and José Luis Facerias (1920-1957) were then the two emblematic representatives.

The main purpose behind this interview is not to extoll the praises of the shadow warriors from those times, but to learn from the story of the ‘Los Maños’ group, as told by one of its protagonists, of the difficult circumstances in which such resistance occurred, and understand the problems with which it had to grapple. There, to our way of thinking, is where its morsel of human truth resides.

Freddy Gómez

Civil War and Civil Peace. Libertarian Aragon 1936-’37 by Graham Kelsey (with an appendix by anarchist historian Eduardo Pons Prades on the failure to take Zaragoza — translated by Paul Sharkey) eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)

 Anarchism in Aragón  Comments Off on Civil War and Civil Peace. Libertarian Aragon 1936-’37 by Graham Kelsey (with an appendix by anarchist historian Eduardo Pons Prades on the failure to take Zaragoza — translated by Paul Sharkey) eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)
Aug 112013
 

KelseyCovercolour1Civil War and Civil Peace. Libertarian Aragon 1936-’37, Graham Kelsey. ISBN 978-1-873976-06-7. First published Cambridge 1985 by The Anarchist Encyclopaedia (an imprint of Cienfuegos Press/Refract Publications) This, second (revised and corrected) edition, published in 2013 (includes an appendix by anarchist historian Eduardo Pons Prades on the failure to take Zaragoza — translated by Paul Sharkey)  eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)  Also available from Kobo    Check out other Christiebooks titles HERE 

Civil War and Civil Peace. Libertarian Aragon 1936-’37  provides an overall vision of the situation created in the Spanish north-eastern region of Aragon subsequent to the military uprising of July 1936 against the legally constituted republican government of the Second Republic.   Supported by the majority of the paramilitary forces in the region, Civil Guards and Assault Guards, and joined by various hundreds of local right-wing thugs, the uprising led immediately to the collapse of established government, swept away in an orgy of detentions and summary executions in that part controlled by the fascist rebels.   However, in that part which was liberated by militias, organised in nearby Cataluña but joined by thousands of local Aragonese people, the rapid creation of village collectives, agricultural but often involving the complete panorama of village activities, led to the establishment of a genuinely libertarian regime inspired by the village militants of the anarchosyndicalist CNT trade union movement, the dominant socio-political force in the region prior to the uprising.   It would take another military ‘uprising’, this time led by forces of the Stalinist party (PCE), an uprising within the civil war, to eliminate the collectivist experiment put into place by village militants in Aragon.    This work was written nearly thirty years ago but, despite the enormous development of historical research, in particular since the start of the new millennium, by a new generation of students, it continues to provide a clear vision of the situation created by the uprising of fascist military officers in July 1936.

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THE DEATH OF DURRUTI by Joan Llarch (translated by Raymond Batkin) eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)

 Anarchism in Aragón, Anarchism in Barcelona, Spanish anarchism, Spanish Revolution/Civil War  Comments Off on THE DEATH OF DURRUTI by Joan Llarch (translated by Raymond Batkin) eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)
May 102013
 

DurrutiFrontThe Death of Durruti by Joan Llarch (translated by Raymond Batkin); 174pp, 230mm x 152mm, photos/illustrations, bibliography and index, £9.95 (p+p UK £1.80; Europe £4.50; US/Canada £7.00). ISBN 978-1-873976-61-6 ( READ INSIDE!   eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)  Also available from Kobo    Check out other Christiebooks titles HERE 

Buenaventura Durruti was the most outstanding figure in Spanish anarchist history. Born in León on 14 July 1896, of Basque and Catalan parents,  he dedicated his life from the age of 16 until his untimely death at 40 to the struggle for justice, social revolution and the anarchist idea. It was his commitment to the ‘idea’ that led Durruti to spend the rest of his life in clandestinity, jail, exile and — ultimately — as the inspirational figurehead of the social revolution that confronted the clerical-fascist-military uprising of July 1936. Shortly after mid-day on 19 November 1936, at the height of the Francoist assault on Madrid, Durruti, accompanied by his driver and military advisers, was mortally wounded in mysterious circumstances and died in the early hours of 20 November. The circumstances surrounding his death have never been satisfactorily explained. La Muerte de Durruti (The Death of Durruti), first published in 1973,  remains, forty years on, the only book devoted, exclusively, to the events leading up to —  and after — the anarchist’s  death, some four months after the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War. Written in the style of investigative journalism, the author sets out the many conflicting theories circulating at the time, and which have remained the subject of debate up to the present day. In addition he has interviewed those who either knew Durruti or had served in the Durruti column up to the time of his death

See also The Man Who Killed Durruti by Pedro de Paz (also available on Kindle)

With the Peasants of Aragon. Libertarian Communism in the Liberated Areas by Augustin Souchy Bauer. eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)

 Anarchism in Aragón, Society, Spanish anarchism, Spanish Revolution/Civil War  Comments Off on With the Peasants of Aragon. Libertarian Communism in the Liberated Areas by Augustin Souchy Bauer. eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)
Jan 082013
 

SouchyCover001WITH THE PEASANTS OF ARAGÓN. LIBERTARIAN COMMUNISM IN THE LIBERATED AREAS  by Augustin Souchy Bauer. ISBN 978-0-904564-21-1

 ‘Entre los Campesinos de Aragón: el Comunismo Libertario en las Comarcas Liberadas’. First published 1937, Barcelona, by Tierra y Libertad. Translated by Abe Bluestein.

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Augustin Souchy Bauer (1892-1984)

In 1936-37 Augustin Souchy Bauer visited towns and villages in Aragón that, soon after July 19, 1936, began to live a lifestyle without precedent in all history. One after the other they collectivised the land and established libertarian communism, spontaneously — but with all due deliberation. The story of this trip that Souchy made together with Emma Goldman part of the way is a document of extraordinary importance not only for the facts presented but because it informs the reader of today how and in what circumstances an idea regarded as purely utopian until then became a reality .  .  . The reader will learn how an economic and social system developed that was truly communal and anti-authoritarian. Anarchists of the National Confederation of Labour and the Iberian Federation of Anarchists (CNT-FAI), socialists of the General Union of Workers (UGT) and individualists lived together in the same community in a way of life not even imagined until then.

Building Utopia — The Spanish Revolution 1936-1937 by Stuart Christie. eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)

 Anarchism in Aragón, Barcelona, CNT, Spain, Spanish anarchism, Spanish Revolution/Civil War  Comments Off on Building Utopia — The Spanish Revolution 1936-1937 by Stuart Christie. eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)
May 312012
 

Building Utopia — The Spanish Revolution 1936-1937, Stuart Christie, ChristieBooks, ISBN 978-1-873976-18-0   eBook £1.50 (see eBookshelf)  Also available from Kobo    Check out other Christiebooks titles HERE 

Within the Spanish anarchist and anarcho-syndicalist movements there were three distinct points of view on the question of war and revolution. The first, probably the majority view, was that the war would be over in a matter of weeks, after all, a few days had been enough to rout the army in Barcelona and other industrial centres, and that the social revolution and Libertarian Communism as debated and adopted by the CNT’s national congress at Zaragoza in February, five months previously, was an inseparable aspect of the struggle against economic and social oppression. Thus, the movement should proceed immediately to socialise the factories, the land and their communities. READ INSIDE

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